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What is an allergy and how can you avoid it?

Due to the dust and pollution in the environment, every other person seems to suffer from sneezing and throat problems. Certain seasons also cause an increase in allergies. For example, many people suffer from pollen allergies in spring in many regions. However, the problem of allergy becomes more severe in winter and colds, colds become the cause of various diseases and fever. In addition, substandard water and poor sewage conditions also lead to respiratory and skin allergies.

Definition of allergy

Our immune system protects us from disease-causing bacteria and viruses. A strong immune reaction against any such factor, which is usually harmless to most people, is called an allergy. That is, understand that allergies are caused by the weakness of the immune system.

Types of Allergies

One type of allergy is respiratory and the other is skin, which causes sensitive people to touch certain substances. Respiratory allergy also called pollen allergy, caused by wild mulberry in Islamabad. Also, sprays on crops and animals in agricultural areas cause allergies. Skin allergies cause itchiness on the body and the skin color gradually turns red. If not treated in time, the skin becomes hard like leather and takes the form of eczema.

Why does allergy occur?

Eating or putting something on your body that your body doesn’t accept causes an allergy. After that, the body feels itchy and uncomfortable. People also suffer from allergies by eating different foods like peanuts, walnuts, almonds, cashews, eggs, cow’s milk and certain fish. Apart from this, complaints of skin allergies from insect bites, medicines and chemicals come up.

Difference between allergy and cold

In allergy, water comes from the eyes and nose, the nose is blocked and inflammation is felt but there is no fever, while in a cold, thick fluid is released than water and fever may also occur.

How are food allergies caused?

Cases of food allergies have increased over the past 30 years. For example, between 1995 and 2016, the rate of peanut allergy increased fivefold in the UK. In a study conducted by King’s College London, 1300 three-year-old children were made part of the research. In the study, it was revealed that 2.5% of the children were allergic to peanuts.

Australia has one of the highest rates of food allergy. According to a study, nine percent of children under one year of age are allergic to eggs and peanuts. This is the reason why medical scientists say that children should be fed peanuts from a very young age so that they start developing immunity against possible allergies from a young age and develop the habit of eating peanuts.

In a lab study conducted at King’s College London, five-year-old children who started eating peanuts from the year they were born had an 80% lower incidence of peanut allergy. Also, some people are allergic to eggs, various vegetables and fruits, cow, goat or chicken meat etc. Once the cause of the allergy is known, it is best to avoid the item.


Allergy symptoms can vary from person to person depending on the severity. Changes in climate and lifestyle can affect the nature and severity of allergies. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, burning or itching of the eyes, swollen red eyes, coughing, going into shock or shock, wheezing, runny nose, reddened skin, body Symptoms include rashes or rashes, rashes on the nose, mouth, throat or skin. Most children suffer from allergies and their nose, eyes, throat, lungs or skin are more affected.


Whether allergies are temporary or chronic, there is no permanent cure, meaning that if you suffer from any type of allergy, it’s likely to stay with you for the rest of your life. If a vaccine is available, get it regularly, but taking precautions can help prevent allergies and related problems. In this regard, some precautionary measures are being mentioned, by following which you can protect yourself and children from allergies.

In case of air allergy, you should wear a mask.

* Avoid using jewelry and things made of such things, which can cause you to have allergies.

Do not wear clothes made from materials that you may be allergic to.

Experts say that most people wear surgical masks, which do not help at all in preventing dust or pollen allergies. There is a special type of mask for every allergy, which is available in the market and only with this mask you can be protected from allergies.

* Remove rugs and carpets in your home, especially from children’s rooms, as they collect more dust than hard floors.

Keep the house light and airy

* Keep birds or pets away, especially from children’s rooms. Bathe animals regularly.

Keep your windows closed at the beginning and end of the season to protect against pollen green allergies.

* Keep your bathroom and other moldy areas clean and dry.

People or children who are allergic to any food should avoid it. Make it a habit for you and your children to read the labels on food packaging for allergy information.

Medicines can provide relief for milder allergy symptoms, but can make children drowsy.

In case of severe allergy, consult a doctor immediately.

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Epaper 24-11-2022

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