Monday, September 26, 2022

Voting in Islam: Conditions for voting for a candidate in Islam – Islam and Democracy

(Edited by: Amaatiikhan)

According to the Qur’an and Hadith, there are several conditions for voting for a candidate: 


The voter is testifying about the person he is voting for, that he is qualified to do so. And also honesty and trustworthiness. And if in fact this person does not have these qualities in him and the voter knowingly votes for him, then it is a false testimony, which is a grave sin and a calamity in this world and the hereafter. In the hadith of Sahih Bukhari Sharif, the Holy Prophet (sws) has counted the false martyrdom as polytheism. In a constituency where there are a few candidates and the voter knows that such and such a person is preferred in terms of merit and honesty, then voting for someone other than him is to afflict oneself in this Akbar Kabair. Now the voter should cast his vote by looking at his hereafter and the end, and not let himself be afflicted by this calamity merely out of formal decency or some lust and fear.



The second condition is the intercession of the vote, ie the recommendation that the voter recommends its representation. This instruction of the Holy Qur’an should be kept before each and every one of them. (Al-Nisa ‘: 2) Translation: “Whoever intercedes for good, he will have a share in it, and if he intercedes for evil, he will have a share in evil.” The best recommendation is to recommend a competent and honest person who will fulfill the rights of God’s people properly. The worst recommendation is to recommend the incompetent, incompetent, wicked and oppressor and impose it on God’s people. This shows that we will be considered partners in whatever good or bad deeds the candidate who won our votes will do in his five-year term.



 A third condition of the voter is advocacy that the voter makes this candidate his representative and advocate, but if this advocacy was related to any of his (personal) rights and his profit and loss would only harm his caste and his It would have been its own responsibility, but the case was light, but not here, because this advocacy is about the rights that the whole nation shares with it, so if someone wins by voting for an incompetent to represent them. The sin of violating the rights of the entire nation was also on his neck.


 In short, vote has three positions:

1: A testimony.


2: Second recommendation.


3: Advocacy in the Third Common Rights.


In all three cases, just as voting for a good, virtuous, capable person is a great reward and its fruits are to be reaped, so voting for an incompetent or non-religious person is both false testimony and bad recommendation and illegitimate advocacy. And its destructive fruits will also be written in his book of deeds.

he Qur’an and Sunnah that voting for an incompetent, unjust, wicked and wrong man is a great sin, so voting for a good, virtuous and capable man is a great reward, but a Shari’ah duty. Just as the Holy Qur’an has declared false martyrdom to be haraam, so has true martyrdom made it obligatory.


The main reason for the shortcomings that are taking place in the elections today is that the pious and virtuous people have generally started abstaining from voting, which has inevitably resulted in the observation that the votes usually go to these people. There are those who are bought in a few bucks and from the votes of those people who impose their representatives on the whole nation, it is clear what kind of people they will be! Therefore, abstaining from voting in any constituency in which any candidate is known to be competent and virtuous is also haraam according to Shariah and is tantamount to oppression of the entire nation.


And if any candidate in a constituency is not truly competent and honest, but one of them is more capable than the others on the principle of ability and piety, then vote for him with the intention of reducing evil and reducing oppression. Giving is permissible, but it is commendable. In short, the Shari’ah status of voting in elections is at least one testimony, which it is haraam to conceal and it is haraam to lie in it and it is haraam to take any compensation for it Understanding political defeat and the game of the world is a big mistake. The candidate you vote for, you legally testify that this person is qualified for the job and is better than other candidates in terms of his ideology, knowledge, practice and honesty. For the purpose for which these elections are taking place, Keep this in mind and it leads to the following results:



1: You will be equally responsible for the good or bad deeds of the representative who reaches an assembly through your vote and testimony, and you will share equally in his reward or punishment. ۔



2: In this case, it is important to remember that even if there is a mistake in personal matters, its effect is also personal and limited, the reward is also limited, the punishment is also limited, but it is complete in national and domestic affairs. The nation is affected.


3: Concealing true testimony is forbidden by the Qur’an, so it is a grave sin to fail to vote for a well-meaning and honest representative in a constituency.


4: Voting for a candidate who has an ideology against Islamic ideology is a false testimony, which is a grave sin.

Giving votes in exchange for money is the worst kind of bribery and for a few bucks is a rebellion against Islam and the country. Sacrificing one’s religion for the betterment of the world of others, no matter how much wealth one may have, cannot be wise. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The person who loses his religion for the sake of another’s world is in the greatest loss.”

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