Saturday, October 1, 2022

Did Maharaja Hari Singh flee the state in 1947? Jammu and Kashmir In October 1947 History, Facts – Sheikh Atif Maqbool

Did Maharaja Hari Singh flee the state in 1947? Samina Raja Jammu and Kashmir

edited by: sheikh atif maqbool

 Maharaja Hari Singh

  Temporarily annexed India on October 26, 1947, to preserve the existence and identity of the state after the Pakistani invasion of the state of Jammu and Kashmir on October 22, 1947, and to stop the massacre of the state citizens. ۔ I am unable to understand why and how people ask why Maharaja Hari Singh fled the state in 1947. This question is fundamentally wrong and reflects a lack of knowledge of history. On October 22, 1947, after the Pakistani invasion, Maharaja Hari Singh flew Brigadier Rajendra Singh, the Chief of State Forces, with orders that the last bullet, the last Fight the enemy to the last and young. 

Brigadier Rajendra Singh successfully repulsed the invading Pakistani forces and the Pakistanis who came with a plan to formally invite the Pakistani army by capturing Srinagar on October 24, thanks to Brigadier Rajendra Singh’s successful combat strategy and effective defence. Until October 27, 1947, Baramulla could not reach the city. Thus Maharaja Hari Singh got enough time to settle the terms of accession to India and the Maharaja government did not compromise on its goal of survival of the state even in these most difficult circumstances. The Maharaja signed an interim accession treaty with India on 26 October, in order to assist the Indian forces against the Pakistani army and for the reasons of Lord Mountbatten’s condition of accession. Under the terms of the agreement, only three departments of defence, foreign affairs, and communications were devolved to India, and in all other matters, the state government was kept completely independent.

 Those who are familiar with the administrative affairs of the state of Jammu and Kashmir know that the capital of the state is in Srinagar from May to October, while from the first week of November to the last week of April the state capital is in Jammu. ۔ When Pakistan invaded the state on October 22, the state headquarters was already being shifted to Jammu as per general administrative matters. The real aim of the Pakistani attack was to capture Srinagar. The Pakistani army had planned to capture Srinagar by October 24. Since the state headquarters was to be in Jammu instead of Srinagar after October and the occupation of the state could not be declared until the state capital was captured, Maharaja Hari Singh, under a war strategy, immediately made a program to relocate to Jammu so that even if Srinagar was occupied by Pakistan, the state could resist the Pakistani army from Jammu and continue the fight for the defence and survival of the state. So when Pakistan announced its parasitic government in Muzaffarabad on October 24 after the October 22 Pakistani invasion, Maharaja Hari Singh moved from Srinagar to Jammu on October 25 according to the war strategy. This is the decision and journey from Srinagar to Jammu which the Qari Maharaja of Pakistan calls the flight from the state to India. My answer to such blind and ignorant leaders is whether Jammu is a part of India. And is the journey from one city of the state to another city called running away from the state? Maharaja Hari Singh signed the document of interim accession with India on the night of October 26 in Jammu. On the basis of which, on October 27, Indian forces landed at Srinagar Airport and entered the state. For the interest and information of the readers, here is the timeline of the history of the state from 1947 to 1949. I hope the readers will decide for themselves on the basis of these historical facts what is the real truth. On 12 August 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh made a written offer of a standing agreement to Pakistan. On 14 August 1947, Pakistan came into being. On 15 August 1947, India was established. On 15 August 1947, on behalf of Pakistan. Standing agreement with Jammu and Kashmir was approved. On the morning of October 22, 1947, the state of Jammu and Kashmir was invaded by Pakistan. On October 24, 1947, a parasitic government of Pakistan was established in Muzaffarabad. On October 25, Maharaja Hari Singh left Srinagar. Moved to Jammu. On October 26, 1947, the Maharaja temporarily annexed the State of Jammu and Kashmir to India and signed the Maharaja’s document. On October 27, 1947, the Governor-General of India, Lord Mountbatten, approved the annexation of Jammu and Kashmir. was given. And Lord Mountbatten, the Governor-General of India, announced from Delhi that the State of Jammu and Kashmir had joined India on only three issues: defence, foreign affairs, and communications.

On October 27, Lord Mountbatten, the Governor-General of India, stated: “As soon as foreign invaders are pushed out of the state, public opinion will be sought on the issue of accession.” On the morning of October 27, Indian forces arrived at Srinagar Airport. On October 30, 1947, the Maharaja Hari Singh government, with the signature of the Maharaja, appointed the State Emergency Administration headed by Sheikh Abdullah. Sheikh Abdullah was declared the Emergency Administrator. On January 1, 1948, India approached the United Nations on the issue of Jammu and Kashmir. On March 5, 1948, Maharaja Hari Singh dismissed the State Emergency Administration and announced an interim government. Sheikh Abdullah was made the Prime Minister of this interim government. These measures were signed by Maharaja Hari Singh and the oath of office of Prime Minister was taken by Maharaja Hari Singh from Sheikh Abdullah. On April 21, 1948, the UN Security Council set up a five-member commission to mediate between Pakistan and India. On August 13, 1948, the UN Arbitration Commission passed a resolution calling for a ceasefire. 

India was asked to withdraw its army and armed forces. India was asked to withdraw its majority of troops. A referendum was held to decide the future of the state. On December 11, 1948, the United Nations Commission appointed a referendum administrator in the state. On January 1, 1949, a ceasefire was declared in the state under the auspices of the United Nations. On January 5, 1949, Pakistan asked the UN Commission to amend the resolution of August 13, 1948. Under the amendment proposed by Pakistan, the people of the state were given the right to join India or Pakistan only through a referendum. Readers: I am the daughter of the state and my pen only rises to bring out the lost truth of state history. I only write the truth and my challenge is to prove the historical facts and arguments I have presented wrong. In answer to today’s question, after going into this detail, I have brought the readers up to January 5, 1949. This is the unfortunate day when the United Nations, India, and Pakistan all jointly declared that the state of Jammu and Kashmir can now be annexed only to India or Pakistan and there is no option to make it independent. ۔ Dear Readers, Study the UN resolutions yourself and then keep in mind all the historical events from July 1947 to January 1949. Did Maharaja Hari Singh flee the state? You decide for yourself. In fact, when the United Nations abolished the option of independence and sovereignty of the state of Jammu and Kashmir on January 5, 1949, at the request of Pakistan, Maharaja Hari Singh’s dream of establishing the state as an independent and sovereign state. Greased. Circumstances, on the one hand, made Sheikh Abdullah, the eternal enemy of Maharaja Hari Singh, the Prime Minister of the state, and on the other hand, made Pandit Nehru, the personal enemy of the Maharaja, the Prime Minister of India. After the adoption of the UN resolution on January 5, 1949, the demand from Pandit Nehru and Sheikh Abdullah to transfer all the constitutional powers of the state government to Prime Minister Sheikh Abdullah intensified. Maharaja Hari Singh, who had so far managed to save the existence of the state in spite of all the adversities, believed that giving powers to Sheikh Abdullah was tantamount to burying the idea of state independence and sovereignty with his own hands. And Maharaja Hari Singh never agreed to do it with his own hands. But the presence of Pakistani and Indian forces on the state’s chest and the presence of Sheikh Abdullah in the PM’s chair made the Maharaja’s fears about the future of the state merge into India with his own hands a frightening reality. What was Maharaja Hari Singh, the creator of the concept of independence and sovereignty of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and the pioneer of state identity and survival, could not in any way take the concept of independence and sovereignty of the state out of his coffin. The Government of India and Sheikh Abdullah were adamant about making the state of Jammu and Kashmir a part of India in the Indian Constitution. And the Maharaja did not approve of this in any way. Under these circumstances, on June 20, 1949, Maharaja Hari Singh announced that he was withdrawing from practical politics.

 Maharaja Hari Singh sacrificed his throne but was excused from participating in the process of declaring the state created by his ancestors as part of another country, and the Maharaja appointed Yuvraj Karan Singh as his successor. Separated from the government. After that Maharaja Hari Singh went to Bombay and never returned to the state. Take a look at what Sheikh Abdullah did in the state after the departure of Maharaja Hari Singh. On January 26, 1950, the Constitution of India was enacted. Under Article 1 of this Constitution, the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir has declared a part of India. In the preparation of the Constitution of India, all the articles related to the State of Jammu and Kashmir were supervised by Sheikh Abdullah. Under Article 370, the state was given special status, while under Article 35A of the Constitution, resident laws were given constitutional protection within the state. On October 27, 1950, the Jammu and Kashmir National Conference passed a resolution calling for adult suffrage. On this basis, the formation of the Legislative Assembly, the formulation of the Constitution of the State and the determination of matters relating to the relations and annexation of the State with India were announced. On May 1, 1951, Yuvraj Karan Singh established the State Assembly in the State Announced State Assembly elections were held in August-September 1951. Sheikh Abdullah’s National Conference candidate won 75 of the 75 seats. The first session of the state’s first elected state assembly, the Constituent Assembly, was held on October 31, 1951. On July 24, 1952, the elected leadership of the state met between the National Conference and the Indian government. Agreed on the status and future relations of the so-called Delhi Accord. November 1952 State Assembly elections were held to draft the state constitution. The National Conference won all 75 seats. On June 19, 1953. The National Conference was divided. And on August 8, Sheikh Abdullah was dismissed. On February 6, 1954, the State Assembly approved the accession to India in accordance with Sheikh Abdullah’s treaty with Delhi. Then, on May 14, 1954, the state passed a presidential decree. The recommendations of the Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir were incorporated in the Constitution of India. On November 17, 1956, the State Assembly approved the State Constitution under which the entire state of 85806 square miles was declared a part of India. On January 26, 1957, the State Constitution was enacted and the State Assembly was dissolved. The first Legislative Assembly elections of the state were held from 5 to 7 March 1957. National Conference candidates won 68 of the 75 seats. On February 26, 1958, the jurisdiction of the Auditor General of India and the Indian Civil Service was extended to the State. The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court was extended to the state. On January 20, 1960, the right of appeal in the Indian Supreme Court and the jurisdiction of the Election Commission was extended to the state election process. General elections were held in the state on February 17-18, 1962. The National Conference won 70 out of 75 seats. On December 21, 1964, Article 356 of the Indian Constitution was enacted, which states that in the event of failure of the State Constitution, a presidential role may be imposed in the State. The posts of State President and Prime Minister have been replaced with the posts of State Governor and Chief Minister. Now it is up to the readers to decide for themselves who annexed the state to India and how much Maharaja Hari Singh was involved in it. Readers, after presenting all these historical facts, I leave it to you to decide for yourself what was the position of the state annexation of Maharaja Hari Singh to India in 1947 and later to the Kashmiri politicians and especially the Sheikhs. What happened to Abdullah’s conditional and limited accession to Maharaja Hari Singh’s accession? Let the readers decide for themselves who is responsible for the current situation. In this regard, I have described the important historical events. I hope now the readers will do the analysis themselves. As far as the question of why Maharaja Hari Singh left the state in 1949 did not come back. I asked exactly the same question to Maharaja Hari Singh’s successor Dr Karan Singh’s aunt. Thakur’s brother Gulchin Singh asked Charak in 2017 when he came to our house in Leeds. He told me that Maharaja Hari Singh had sworn that if the state politicians and the government failed to keep the state independent, they would never return to the slave state. It is alleged that he fled the state, but the fact is that till June 20, 1949, Maharaja Hari Singh himself was the head of the Srinagar government and all orders were issued with the signature of the Maharaja. Then how and why this escape lie? Readers ask themselves. The man who remained head of government until June 20, 1949, after the October 22, 1947 attack, is said by some to have fled. After June 20, 1949, the Maharaja’s government separated itself from government affairs and practical politics by handing over to its successor, Dr Karan Singh. Then from June 20, 1949, to November 17, 1952, Dr Karan Singh was the head of the Srinagar government as a regent in the name of the Maharaja. On November 17, 1952, Karan Singh was elected President of the State and held the post till March 30, 1965. When the post of President of the State ended on March 30, 1965, Dr Karan Singh was made the first Governor of the State and Dr Karan Singh held this post till May 15, 1967. It seems that after the Pakistani invasion of 22 October 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh and then his successor continued to head the government till 15 May 1967. So how is it said that the Maharaja ran away? For almost two and a half years after the October 22 attack, the Maharaja himself remained in the state and was the head of the Srinagar government. What name should I give? What could be a more heinous conspiracy to distort the history of the country? Maybe my words will sink into someone’s heart. 

Sameena Raja. Jammu and Kashmir

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