Thursday, October 6, 2022

Who are the Taliban and what is their history?


KABUL: The Afghan Taliban entered the Afghan capital Kabul on Sunday after the fastest advance in the past week and the withdrawal of Afghan forces from several districts:


Here are some important facts about the history and ideology of the Taliban:


History

In the Pashto language, the Taliban means ‘students’ who emerged from the southern Afghan city of Kandahar in 1994. They were one of the Afghan militant groups fighting for control of the country after the withdrawal of the Soviet Union. The founder and leader of the Taliban was Mullah Mohammad Omar, who went into hiding after the fall of the Taliban government. Within two years of its emergence in 1994, the Taliban took complete control of most parts of the country, including Kabul. In 1996, he announced the establishment of the Khilafah with an interpretation of Islamic law, while other Mujahideen groups fighting for power moved to the north of the country and were confined to that area. , Northern Alliance and other anti-Taliban fighters entered Kabul in November under the guise of heavy US airstrikes.


 While the Taliban went into hiding in remote areas, from where they launched a 20-year long war against the Afghan government and its Western allies. The founder and leader of the Taliban was Mullah Mohammad Omar, who went into hiding after the fall of the Taliban government. Mullah Omar’s whereabouts were so secret that his son confirmed his death in 2013, two years after his death. 

Idealogy

They basically barred women from working and were not allowed to leave their homes in the absence of a male guardian. Public executions and flogging were common in the Taliban era. Public executions and flogging were common in their era. Punishments were common while Western films and books were banned. Opponents and Western countries accuse the Taliban of wanting to return to the old way of governing their areas of control, but the Taliban deny the allegations. 


Earlier this year, the Taliban said they wanted a genuine Islamic system in Afghanistan that guarantees the rights of women and minorities in accordance with cultural traditions and religious law. Including only four countries recognized. The United States and the United Nations imposed sanctions on the Taliban, while a majority of other countries, along with the United Nations, declared the group in power in the northern provinces of Kabul to be in power. The United States and the United Nations have imposed sanctions on the Taliban, and most countries have shown little interest in recognizing the Taliban government diplomatically. 


US Secretary of State Anthony Blanken said earlier this month Afghanistan is in danger of becoming a very unpopular state in the world if atrocities are committed. However, other countries like China have cautiously indicated that they can recognize the Taliban as a legitimate government.

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by Azadi Times

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