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Harnessing the Power of Water: A Comprehensive Look at Dams in Azad Kashmir

NationalHarnessing the Power of Water: A Comprehensive Look at Dams in Azad Kashmir

Azad Kashmir, a captivating region nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, boasts not only breathtaking landscapes but also immense potential for hydropower generation. Dams play a pivotal role in harnessing this potential, serving as vital sources of electricity and irrigation for the region.

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This article delves into the current landscape of dams in Azad Kashmir, exploring their significance, future prospects, and the broader implications for the region’s development.

The Mighty Mangla Dam:

The crown jewel of Azad Kashmir’s dam infrastructure is undoubtedly the Mangla Dam. Constructed in the 1960s on the Jhelum River, this colossal embankment dam stands as a testament to human ingenuity and engineering prowess. With a staggering capacity of 4,750 cubic meters per second and a gross storage capacity of 9.34 million acre-feet, Mangla Dam plays a critical role in meeting Pakistan’s national electricity demands. It not only generates over 1,000 megawatts of clean hydroelectric power but also regulates downstream flows, preventing floods and ensuring year-round water availability for irrigation.

Beyond Mangla: Unveiling the Hydropower Potential:

While Mangla Dam remains the cornerstone of Azad Kashmir’s hydropower infrastructure, several other projects contribute significantly to the region’s power generation mix. The Neelum-Jhelum Hydropower Project, completed in 2018, utilizes the Neelum River for run-of-the-river power generation, adding another 969 megawatts to the national grid. Additionally, smaller dams and micro-hydropower projects are scattered across the region, catering to the electricity needs of remote communities and promoting sustainable development.

The Development Imperative: Looking Ahead:

Recognizing the crucial role of hydropower in addressing the region’s growing energy demands and fostering economic development, the Azad Jammu and Kashmir government has embarked on ambitious plans to further harness its water resources.

Several new dam projects are currently under development, including the Kohala Hydropower Project and the Upper Neelum Hydropower Project. These projects, upon completion, are expected to significantly boost the region’s power generation capacity, contributing to national energy security and paving the way for industrial growth and job creation.

Beyond Electricity: The Multifaceted Benefits of Dams:

The significance of dams in Azad Kashmir extends beyond electricity generation. These structures play a crucial role in regulating water flow, mitigating the risk of floods and droughts. By storing excess water during monsoon seasons and releasing it during dry periods, dams ensure consistent water availability for irrigation, which is vital for sustaining agricultural activities and food security in the region. Additionally, dams can contribute to environmental conservation by controlling soil erosion and promoting biodiversity through the creation of new wetland ecosystems.

Challenges and Considerations:

Despite the undeniable benefits, the development of dams in Azad Kashmir is not without its challenges. Concerns regarding the environmental impact of dam construction, including potential displacement of communities and disruptions to natural ecosystems, require careful consideration and mitigation strategies. Additionally, ensuring sustainable management of water resources and addressing issues of sedimentation in reservoirs are crucial aspects that need to be addressed effectively.


Dams in Azad Kashmir represent a critical element in the region’s development trajectory. By harnessing the power of water, these structures contribute significantly to fulfilling the region’s energy needs, promoting sustainable development, and fostering economic prosperity.

As the AJK embarks on further dam development projects, it is imperative to strike a balance between harnessing this vast potential and ensuring responsible and environmentally conscious practices. Through careful planning, meticulous execution, and community engagement, Azad Kashmir can unlock the full potential of its dams, paving the way for a brighter and more sustainable future.

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