The meaning of Zakat, obligation, importance and users
Writing! Allama Syed Mohammad Isha Q Naqvi
The meaning of zakat is a mixture of two meanings, one is purification and the other is development, removing the things that hinder and become obstacles in the development of something and developing its true essence, these two concepts together make the whole meaning of zakat. In Islamic terms. It refers to two meanings, one is wealth that is taken out for the purpose of Zakat, the other is that it is an act of purification itself instead of Zakat, and making a deserving person the owner of a certain portion of his wealth under certain conditions is called Zakat. In the words of Imam Raghib, the portion of wealth that is given to the poor as a divine right is called Zakat. and it makes the soul pure, the word Zakat in the sense of general alms was spread from the beginning of Islam, its whole system was gradually established after the conquest of Makkah. All the rules and regulations of Zakat were completed and fulfilled (according to the biography of the Prophet ﷺ by Syed Salman Nadwi). Yes, like all the Prophets, it was strongly emphasized in the Prophets of Bani Israel, the rules of Zakat are in both the Holy Book and the Torah and the Gospel. Zakat is mentioned 24 times in the Holy Quran, 02 times with Salat (prayer) and separately. 22 times, while the mention of Sadaqah and charity has been mentioned 28 times, and the mention of the spenders and recipients of Zakat has been mentioned 81 times in various verses of the Holy Quran. Compiled and edited by Honorable Dr. Muhammad Athar Muhammad Ashraf and published by Sheikh Zayed Islamic Research Center Karachi, University of Karachi). Zakat is obligatory only on the Muslim Sahab Nisab, not on the unbeliever, Zakat is obligatory on four types of property (1) on animals, the animal means those animals that graze outside most of the year and do not eat at home. I have camels, cows, buffaloes, sheep, and goats. If there are less than 04 goats, zakat is not obligatory, that is, the nisab of goats is 04, if there are forty, then one goat, and the same rule is up to one hundred and twenty, if there are one hundred and twenty one goats. So two and two hundred and three in one, four in four hundred and then one in every hundred and that which is between two subjects is forgiven, sir, the teacher has the authority to choose dice or females but not less than the whole year, sheep and goats are also included in the goat. If the curriculum is not completed by one, the other can be completed by combining them, but sheep and goats should not be less than a year old, cows, buffaloes and camels also have separate curriculum, the details of which are available in the books of jurisprudence, also from the scholars. The contact number of the amount that can be found is listed in this column, among other assets, gold and silver are on the second place, all kinds of commercial goods are on the third place, land production is on the fourth place, these categories have their own curriculum. Now, the amount of wealth on which the Shariah has prescribed zakat is special, silver, gold and the fortieth part of all commercial goods is zakat. Seven Tolas are made. Zakat will be paid according to the value of gold and silver at the time of paying Zakat. It is not correct to pay Zakat according to the purchase price. If a tola of silver or seven and a half tola of gold is equal to or more than the value of it, then after the year has passed, it is obligatory to give the fortieth part of the zakat, i.e. two and a half percent. In 06, it is the guidance of the Almighty. This charity, i.e. zakat, is actually for the poor and for the poor, and for those who are responsible for collecting and distributing zakat, and for those whose collection is heartfelt, and it is also for the liberation of slaves, debtors. To help and for those who work for the sake of Allah Ta’ala and for travelers, it is a duty, from Allah Ta’ala. And Allah Ta’ala is All-Knowing, Knowing and Seeing. These are the eight expenses of Zakat, which are the deserving ones of Zakat. A poor person means a person who needs the help of others for his livelihood. Or because of old age, they are permanently in need of support. Or they are in need of immediate help due to some temporary reason and if they get support, they can go ahead and stand on their own feet, for example, orphans, widows, unemployed. People and those who have suffered temporary accidents, the poor are the people who are more miserable than the ordinary needy people, while explaining this word, the Prophet ﷺ has specifically called such people who deserve help for their needs. They don’t have adequate means and are very tight-lipped, but their self-righteousness does not allow them to extend their hands to anyone. The third number are the perpetrators, those who receive Zakat and protect the received wealth or keep an account of it. Such people who are assigned by the government to distribute, even if they are not poor or needy, their salaries will be paid through Zakat. Here it is. It is worth noting that the Prophet ﷺ had forbidden the wealth of his family, Bani Hashim, to pay zakat. It is forbidden for those who are debtors or travelers to take zakat, although there is a difference in this matter whether the deserving zakat of sadat can take sadat or not. The sadat members who have reached me, and the members who have love and affection for Rasool, should pass the khums bill by making legislation in this regard, so that the deserving people of the Sadats will be protected from receiving zakat. If possible, Sadats should keep this matter in mind on the occasion of elections. Also, if the governments do not pay attention to this most important issue, the wealthy Sadats should establish a welfare fund and save the poor and poor Sadats from zakat. thing
Riqab refers to giving zakat to the slave of the school so that he can free himself from slavery by paying the zakat, gharmin refers to the debtors who have so much debt that there is no nisab left after paying it, fi sabil Allah refers to such people. All matters that are done only in the way of Allah, the Mujahideen of Islam, and especially those who study and teach religion, who have dedicated themselves to this task, and by Ibn Sabil is meant the traveler who does not have a path. Zakat is deserving. For those who pay Zakat, there is good news of increase in wealth and great reward, and for those who do not pay Zakat, there is a promise of severe punishment and punishment. But those who believe are the ones to whom We will give a great reward (Surat al-Nisa verse 261). Soon, on the Day of Resurrection, their wealth will become a plague for them (Al-Imran verse no. 081). Moor has great importance, these four things are the identity and identity of the Islamic state, (1) the system of prayer, (2) the system of Zakat (3) the system of education (4) and the system of justice if these four systems are driven by their true spirit. So such a state becomes the cradle of prosperity, peace and security, for the establishment and stability of the Islamic society in an Islamic state, not only the government but also every individual and public must play their role. It has been observed that some account holders to avoid Zakat deduction Before the 1st of Ramadan, they withdraw their money from post offices and banks and deposit it again after a few days. This action of theirs is definitely not correct. The Zakat system should be stable in the state and along with it, the Salat system, the education system, and the justice system should also be developed so that a complete Islamic society is established and the Islamic state can be stable.