HEALTH – Abnormal reactions of the immune system to substances known as allergens are harmless to most people common allergens include food, dust, plant pollen, and medications. Many adults and children have some form of allergy.
How do allergies occur?
AZADI TIMES – If a child with allergies is exposed to an allergen, their immune system mistakenly thinks it is causing harm to their body. is arriving It overreacts, perceives the substance as an attack and tries to fight it.
To protect the body, the immune system makes antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE). Allergens cause certain cells to release chemicals (including histamine) into the bloodstream to defend against the ‘invader’.
It is the release of these chemicals, which cause allergic reactions. Its reactions can affect the eyes, nose, throat, lungs, skin and stomach. Future exposure to the same allergen will reactivate the allergic reaction.
What should you do if your child experiences an allergic reaction?
Allergies in children Food allergies are common in children, most commonly to milk, eggs, soy, wheat, peanuts, fish, etc. There are Apart from food allergies, some medicines also cause allergic reactions in children.
Anyone can suffer from insect bite allergies. Apart from this, there is also a type of allergy called anaphylaxis (Anaphylaxis) which creates a more dangerous situation and it also happens to children due to protein foods, insect bites or medicines. 90% of allergies in children are caused by foods.
Children are also allergic to seasonal changes such as pollen, mold, perfume, cigarette smoke, etc. Children cannot tolerate allergic to It causes itching and discomfort on the body.
Skin allergy initially causes itching on the body, then the skin color gradually turns red. If not treated in time, the skin hardens like leather and causes eczema.
Apart from this, low pulse, shock (also known as anaphylactic shock) can also occur, if they are treated in time, the disease is not dangerous.
What do the studies say?
Parents should get information about allergies from the birth of children. and should be able to diagnose allergic reactions promptly.
According to a survey conducted by Pediatrics in 2018, up to 8% of children have food allergies.
The survey found that 20 percent of children with food allergies require hospitalization and may have a life-threatening allergic reaction.
It can sometimes require a long hospital stay, while 42 percent of children need only one visit to the doctor due to food allergies, meaning they are cured once they see a doctor.
This survey At the time, 40% of children with food allergies were prescribed an epinehirine auto-injector, which put children’s lives out of danger
Note: In case of allergies, only consult a physician and their prescription Follow the recommended treatment. Don’t try to find a solution through Google or the Internet.
However, you can keep babies safe by following a few precautions such as not wearing clothes made from materials that they may be allergic to.
Remove rugs and carpets from your home, especially children’s rooms, as they collect more dust than the floor. Try to keep the house bright, ventilated and dry. Keep birds or pets away from the house, especially in children’s rooms.
Bathe animals regularly keep windows closed at the beginning and end of the seasons to protect children from pollen allergies. Use an air conditioner that has filters for small particles. Keep bathrooms and other moldy areas clean and dry.
When giving any canned food to children, be sure to read the label for allergy information. In case of mild allergy symptoms, the medicine provides relief, but it makes the child sleepy.
According to a study, feeding peanuts to babies between the ages of 4 and 11 months can help protect them from peanut allergies. But if your child is already suspected of peanut allergy, do not give it at all.
In case of severe allergy, consult a doctor immediately, who will prescribe tests and treatment for your child.